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Ropeways have become such a popular means of transport that they are built specifically for the Olympics. Ropeways were originally intended exclusively for the transport of goods. They came up with this method, obviously, a resident of the highlands. They began to carry the necessary things in baskets through the gorges along the ropes. This method still exists in the Himalayas today.
Speaking about the cable car in its modern form, it is worth noting that the first such means of transportation appeared in 1866 in Switzerland. There the cable car transported tourists to the observation deck.
In Russia, such a transport appeared in 1871. But the real boom in cable cars appeared in the second half of the last century, when alpine skiing began to grow actively. Today there are many cable cars in the world, but we will tell you about the most famous of them.
Genting Cable Car, Malaysia. This road is famous for being the fastest. The city of Genting itself is located at an altitude of 2000 meters. This is the real Las Vegas of Malaysia, where everything is for entertainment. 20 luxury hotels have been built in Genting, there are several amusement parks here. It is in this city that the only casino permitted in the country is located. This entire empire was erected by the Chinese Lim Goh Tong. In the late 1960s, he put forward the idea of creating a high-mountain resort here. But he was simply laughed at, because the whole area here was covered with virgin dense jungle. However, the Chinese turned out to be stubborn, and in 1971 the first hotel was opened here. With the opening of the casino there, there are much more tourists. However, one of the main modern prides of Genting is the cable car - the fastest in the world. It opened here on February 21, 1997. The cabins move here at a speed of 6 m / s. As a result, the path of 3380 meters from the lower station in the village of Kuala Bubu Baru to the city itself is overcome in just 11 minutes. Almost the entire path goes over the jungle. If the weather is clear, even wild monkeys can be seen below. The round trip fare is only $ 3.
Gulmarg cable car. She stands out for her high location. The Kashmir region has been a disputed territory between Pakistan and India since 1948. For more than half a century, there has been a fierce struggle for these lands. The region itself has ceased to be in any way attractive to tourists. But most recently, fighting in the states of Jammu and Kashmir has stopped. Local authorities rushed to rebuild the tourist infrastructure. As a result, there are already several dozen popular places for visitors in Kashmir. Among them is the Gulmarg ski resort located in the Himalayas. In 2005, Sonya Gandhi launched a cable car, the highest in the world. The first part of it was launched back in 1998. Then the ascent was carried out to an altitude of 3100 meters. The second part has already allowed to rise to the mark of 4114 meters. The total length of the road is 5 kilometers, it can transport up to 600 people per hour. But before the opening of such a means of communication, skiers were forced to climb the mountains by helicopters. The cost of skiing was literally sky-high. Now the rise in the first part will cost $ 2.7, and in the second - $ 4.6.
Sternensauser cable car. Not everyone dares to ride this road, because it is called one of the most terrible. An unusual cable car operates in the Swiss resort of Hoch-Ibrig. There are no cabins here, you just need to put on a helmet and fasten your seat belts. This cable car means that passengers move under the weight of their own bodies. The Sternensauser is a single cable, stretched 75 meters above the ground, between several platforms. It is also the longest road of its kind in the world. The route starts from the upper station of the chair lift. From there, the road descends into the valley. During the descent, the passenger accelerates to a speed of 90 km / h, which gives the illusion of a free fall. It is believed that here you can get a portion of adrenaline no less than falling with a parachute. Only here you can ride on such an unusual road only in summer. Any adult and child over 9 years of age, whose height exceeds 130 centimeters, can become a passenger. The passenger must weigh at least 30 and not more than 125 kilograms. The pleasure of the trip will cost 70 Swiss francs.
Cable car to Sentosa island. This facility is located in Singapore. This road is distinguished by the fact that for the first time they began to use cabins made entirely of glass. Sentosa Island is located 25 kilometers from Singapore. They say that the future state was born from the local fishing village. Today the island has become an Asian Disneyland. Tourists come here with pleasure, and Singaporeans themselves love to relax here. An amusement park and an oceanarium have been built on the island. And you can swim on the white beaches, whose line stretches for three kilometers. You can get here by public transport, but many people prefer to use the cable car. It stretches beautifully over the cable car. The country's authorities began to think about its construction in 1968, and 4 years later the facility was launched. At first, 43 cabins moved on the road, but today there are 81 on the line, some of them are completely glass. But this was not enough for the Singaporeans. They also made their cable car jewelry. So, there are seven VIP cabins. Their roof and glass sides are decorated with Swarovski crystals. Unsurprisingly, the cable car has become an expensive way to get to the island for some. A round trip, both ways, usually costs $ 18.
Tatev ropeway. It is located in Armenia. Most recently, this cable car entered the Guinness Book of Records as the longest in the world. It was launched on October 16, 2010. The official name of the road is "Wings of Tatev". Within a week, her record was confirmed. The road stretches 5.7 kilometers over the Vorotan gorge. The first passengers were the President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan, Catholicos of All Armenians Garegin II and seven children from nearby villages. The suspension road became one of the stages of the revival program of Tatev, a medieval monastery of the 9th century. Back in 1390, a university was established here, where they taught both theology and secular disciplines. In 1931 the monastery was badly damaged by an earthquake, since then the restoration work has not been completed. Before the opening of the cable car to Tatev could only be reached by a steep serpentine. It ran along the cliff at an angle of 45 degrees. And in winter this road was also very eroded. But now Tatev is available for visiting throughout the year. The cabins travel at a speed of 37 km / h, covering the path in just 11.5 minutes. Locals can go up here for free, but tourists will have to pay 6 euros.
Cable car Miskhor (Ai-Petri). The mountain plateau on the southern coast of Crimea is called yayla. In Turkish, this word means a mountain plateau. Once upon a time, shepherds grazed cattle here. And even earlier, yayla was given a mystical meaning. Stone idols were installed here. One of the most famous yailas in Crimea is Ai-Petrinskaya. The easiest way to climb it is by cable car. The ascent lasts 15 minutes, during which tourists can contemplate the picturesque panorama of the South-Eastern Crimea. The cable car is also in demand among local residents. After all, in winter this is the best and fastest way to climb the snow-covered peak and enjoy skiing and sledding. The suspension road took 20 long years to build. She began working in 1987, and a year later a general visit was opened there. Today in Ukraine there are about 15 such cableways, most of them are located in the Crimea. But Miskhor - Ai-Petri is considered unique. After all, between the middle and upper stations there is the longest unsupported span in Europe. There is not a single intermediate tower for two kilometers. You will have to pay about $ 15 for the trip up and back.
Grenoble cable car. Usually cable cars run outside the city. This one lies right in the city. This is not surprising, because even Stendhal wrote about his native Grenoble, that every street there ends with a mountain. On the slope of one of them, there is the most famous city landmark - the Bastille. A hundred years ago, the municipality wondered how tourists could get there easier. After all, this could make the capital of the French Alps even more attractive. It was decided to build a cable car, which ultimately changed the face of the city. On September 29, 1934, a beep sounded in Grenoble - the townspeople were given a signal to launch a new city transport. As the Eiffel Tower for Paris, the road became a symbol of Grenoble, and remains so to this day. At first, the passenger cabins were quite traditional. These were large wagons that could accommodate 21 passengers. But then in 1976 the appearance of the road changed. Small six-seater plastic cabins invented by engineer Denny Kressel began to be used. For this appearance, they were called space eggs and bubbles. And you can ride the cable car there and back for 6.8 euros.
Cable car Masada. Traveling along this road will turn a journey into history. Masada is an ancient fortress that was built by King Herod in the mountains of the Judean Desert in 25 BC. It was a refuge surrounded by inaccessible rocks. The fortress had palaces, baths, food and weapons depots, a synagogue and a water supply system. In 73, Masada was taken by the Romans, who turned it into their stronghold. When the Roman Empire fell, the fortress was abandoned and forgotten. They remembered her in 1862, when archaeologists came here. These places have always been of interest to tourists, but with the construction of a cable car here in 1971, there were even more guests. Previously, the path to the top lay along a narrow serpentine path, which in ancient times was used by rebels, and today by archaeologists. Now you can go upstairs using the cable car. She is one of the smallest in the world. The lower station is at an altitude of 257 meters, and the upper one is only 33 meters higher. The whole journey lasts only a few minutes, and there are only two cabins on the cable car. They offer a picturesque panorama of the desert and the Dead Sea. A roundtrip ride costs $ 19.
Prague cable car. This road can boast of being the oldest. It was launched 120 years ago. The city road led to the Petřín hill. It all started with a trip in 1889 by the Czech Tourist Club to Paris. There they were amazed at the sight of the Eiffel Tower. It was decided to build a copy of the tower on Petřín Hill, and a cable car was built there in just a year. It was not suspended. The carriage moved along the rails using a rope. 50 people could move to a height of 102 meters at a time. Then the cables of the road were turned by a water wheel. Due to the First World War, the cable car stopped working for 16 long years. In 1932, the Prague cable car began transporting people again. Now the work was entrusted to electric motors, not a water wheel. And the entire path was lengthened, becoming equal to 511 meters. This is how he is today. In 1965, the cable car was stopped again - part of the rail was destroyed by a landslide. The citizens of Prague had to wait another 20 years for the new launch. Since then, the famous funicular has been an integral part of urban public transport, interrupting its work only for examinations. The cable car ride will cost $ 1.2.
Complexo do Alemao cable car. This road is known for being the cheapest. It is located in Rio de Janeiro. The neighborhoods of this city, known as favelas, have long gained a notoriety not only among tourists, but also among the locals themselves. There is practically no public transport here - after all, the narrow streets are located on the hills. Therefore, the Rio authorities solved the problem of the construction of the cable car. It runs over six suburbs of the country's largest city. The road started working in July 2011. The construction lasted a year and a half, and it cost the authorities $ 87 million. The cable car stretches over the slums at a distance of 3456 meters. This is the longest such urban road in the world. 152 cabins constantly go along it, which are capable of transporting up to 3 thousand people per hour. Locals have the right to ride twice a day for free, and each subsequent trip will cost the same as tourists - about 50 cents. The cable car gained additional relevance after it became clear that Rio de Janeiro would host the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. This mode of transport can help facilitate access to some sports facilities.
Manhattan Cable Car (Roosevelt Island). This road is rightfully considered the most cinematic. After all, the aerial tram, running between the two districts of New York, appeared in the films "Leon", "Nighthawks" and "Spider-Man". But the city is located in a flat area. But despite this, the Americans decided to build a cable car here. She connected the Roosevelt Islands and Manhattan in 1976. Initially, it was planned that it will work only during the construction of the metro line F. However, the local residents liked to travel by air so much that it was decided to leave the cable car after the start of the subway. As a result, the road received the status of a full-fledged urban transport. We can say that it became the world's first air tram. When transport workers went on strike in 2005, only the cable car continued to carry passengers. In the same year and the following year, there were a couple of unpleasant incidents - the cabins of the air tram got stuck on the East River. The passengers spent a whole 7 hours in limbo. This forced the transport workers to close the cable car for a while and carry out its reconstruction. The work lasted 5 months. Now every stall is equipped with blankets, water, food supplies and even a toilet. A one-way cable car ride costs $ 2.25.
Cable car in Zhangjiajie Park. This park in China boasts the steepest cable car. Zhangjiajie has long been loved by tourists. After all, it is here that the Wulinyuan rocks are located, which inspired director Cameron to the idea of flying mountains in the movie "Avatar". The park has the famous Tianmen Mountain and the legendary Heavenly Gate Cave. You can get to them by cable car. Many travelers after a ride on it call it the most exciting in the world. It is no coincidence that the cable car is called the "road to heaven". Indeed, in some sections, it rises upward at a steep angle of 70 degrees. It seems that the booths just crash into the sky. The entire journey to the very top lasts 40 minutes. The pressure drops are such that many visitors even get their ears blocked. And the temperature in the cab drops sharply when you rise. There is often a dense fog over the park, which makes the surrounding beauty even more mysterious. The entire path is 7455 meters. For those who dare to overcome it all, the world's highest natural cave will open. It was created by nature by erosion. Residents of the surrounding area believe that she has supernatural powers. And you can go down from Tianmen Mountain by bus. A steep serpentine for him has exactly 99 turns. The rise will cost $ 7.6 here.