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The fact that the planet is constantly experiencing the extinction of species, has not scared anyone for a long time. We will tell below about the most famous cases of mass death of animals that have occurred in recent years.
Blackbirds. It is difficult to say what feelings the inhabitants of Arkansas experienced when, one not at all beautiful day, dead blackbirds suddenly began to fall on their heads. The number of birds killed was literally thousands. It happened at the very beginning of 2011. It looked pretty awful, many rushed to see this as a sign. And two days later, the tragedy repeated itself in another state - Louisiana. This time, about five hundred dead birds fell from the sky. Scientists from all over the world are looking for an explanation for this mysterious and frightening incident. At the same time, there are dozens of the most diverse versions, first of all, naturally, people consider the most rational of them. Initially, it was believed that some mysterious illness or poisoning was to blame. But numerous studies of bird corpses showed only the presence of injuries and hemorrhages. Obviously, they are a consequence of the fact that many blackbirds literally crashed into each other in flight. How could this happen? It is possible that the flock of birds ended up in a confined space at a height. And the reason for the disorientation was the neighboring thunderstorm front. But the authorities did not neglect the potential danger. At the site of the fall of the birds, employees of the Environmental Protection Agency quickly showed up. All of them were wearing masks and special protective suits. Environmentalists cleared the area of bird corpses, and the roofs of houses and roads were treated with a special antibacterial liquid.
Honey bees. In 2006, scientists were suddenly surprised to find that the number of bees in the world had dropped dramatically. It turned out that a huge number of these beneficial insects suddenly began to die for no apparent reason. Scientists have even deduced a special term for this phenomenon - the collapse syndrome of bee colonies. The US Department of Agriculture has published data according to which in 2009 about 29% of bee families died, the next year this figure increased to 34%. During the observation period, there were almost a hundred reasons explaining the rapid extinction of honey insects. Both fungal infections and mass pesticide poisoning were considered, scientists tried to link this phenomenon with global climate change on the planet. But until now no one can responsibly declare why bees are dying en masse. More recently, new studies have emerged that reveal even more alarming facts. Scientists from the University of Illinois have determined that not only honey bees are dying. Over the past 20 years, the number of bumblebees in the four most common species has decreased by 90 percent!
Bats and Their White Nose Syndrome. 2006 was a landmark year not only for bees. In New York at the same time, a bat was found dead from an unknown fungal disease. Since then, this attack has been found in 14 more American states and two Canadian provinces. During this time, more than a million flying mammals have died. The press quickly fanned the sensation by dubbing the disease White Nose Syndrome. It turned out that those mammals who prefer nocturnal lifestyle are primarily susceptible to it. But it turned out that the fungus itself does not kill animals at all. It just penetrates into the mouth and nasal cavities of the creature at the moment when it is dormant. As a result, bats wake up earlier than the time planned by nature. Animals leave their inhabited caves to find food and replenish their energy. But since the awakening is too early, the mice either get too cold, or they simply cannot find food for themselves, dying of hunger. Many ecologists and conservationists have explored hundreds of caves and abandoned mines. As a result, the fungus, the reason for the early awakening of the mice, was found. Scientists have even created a cure for it. Only the reasons for the appearance of this disease remained unclear.
Sardines and birds off the coast of Chile. The unexplained death of millions of sardines, thousands of flamingos and penguins off the coast of Chile continued for two whole months. 60 large pelicans also became victims. At first, this phenomenon seemed to have natural and interrelated causes. Penguins first began to die in March 2009, about 1,200 birds were found dead on a remote Chilean beach. Only a month has passed and not far from this place, millions of herring commercial fish washed ashore. Soon, in northern Chile, thousands of rare flamingos living in the Andes suddenly abandoned their usual nests. As a result, about two thousand unhatched chicks remained on the rocks. The horrifying picture was completed by the death of 60 pelicans. They were found in May in the central part of the coast of South America. The worst thing is that no one could explain the mass death of living beings. And in this case, many unconfirmed versions were put forward. We also talked about global warming and air pollution. Some hitherto unknown disease was suspected in everything. Even overly active fishing off the coast of Chile was cited as the reason. Perhaps the reason for the death was the very dry and hot weather, which in those months stood in these places.
Black Australian dolphins. In late 2008, there was an accident - about 60 Australian black dolphins suddenly threw themselves ashore. It happened on the rocky coast of the island of Tasmania. A week later, the mass suicide was repeated, now 150 dolphins were thrown out. In early January 2009, 45 sperm whales accumulated off the coast of Tasmania in shallow water, all of them died. The last massive blowout completed the picture. It happened in March 2009, 194 black dolphins were thrown out on the same coast of Tasmania. Several dozen large dolphins and bottlenose dolphins also joined them. Then the authorities made an official statement in which they announced the death of 140 marine animals. The rest, fortunately, were saved. People used ropes and motor boats for this, as well as jet skis. More than 100 volunteers took part in the operation. They were able to literally push 54 dolphins into the ocean. These cases were carefully studied by specialists, but they were never able to work out a single reliable version to explain what happened.
Hippos in Uganda. In 2004, a terrible tragedy occurred in the Ugandan Queen Elizabeth National Park, in East Africa. Anthrax spores suddenly appeared in the drinking water, from which 300 hippos died. The fact is that during periods of drought, many stagnant water bodies are formed in the country. It is there that dangerous deadly bacteria often appear. Anthrax outbreaks have occurred here repeatedly over the past half century. But it is in such reservoirs that hippos like to spend most of their time. As a result, it was they who experienced the terrible outbreak of anthrax. In June alone, 82 hippos and 9 buffaloes died in the country. The animals had access to water from the Kazinga Canal, which is associated with Lakes Edward and George. These reservoirs are located in the park itself. In this case, scientists were able to accurately identify the cause of the massive death of huge aquatic animals, but this did not help at all.
Pelicans on the west coast of the United States. Eyewitnesses describe what is happening to the pelicans on the west coast of the United States in 2009 with one word - "madness." Birds on a vast territory from Oregon to Mexico began to suddenly beat against the sides of boats and glass cars. They united in groups and threw themselves under the wheels en masse. Then inappropriate behavior led to the death of several thousand birds. But the reasons remained unclear. Some researchers, then taking part in the rescue of birds, believe that some kind of virus is to blame. It was he who drove the birds crazy. Perhaps the culprit was a series of fires in Southern California, after which poisonous substances could get into the ocean. There is a theory that explains this behavior of birds by the unusual weather for that time of year. It caused disruptions in the feeding regime of birds, they became disoriented in space and began to behave strangely.
Mongolian livestock. In 2010, Mongolia's winter was very cold and snowy. This was followed by a very dry summer. As a result, many herbivores across the country began to experience food shortages. This misfortune was nicknamed "itch" in the country. This word literally means a recurring natural disaster. In Mongolia, itching is common, only that year it was much larger than expected. As a result, millions of livestock - horses, sheep, camels, goats, yaks and cows - died in the country. This tragedy even attracted the attention of the UN. A special program was created - money was allocated to Mongolian shepherds so that they would cleanse pastures of dead animals. For any country, a tragedy of this magnitude is a serious blow. What can we say about Mongolia, where the majority of the population is closely associated with cattle breeding and depends on domestic animals. The consequences of that death were quite serious.
Sea turtles in El Salvador. On the coast of the Republic of El Salvador in January 2006, the bodies of several species of sea turtles were thrown away. For a long time, scientists could not understand what caused the tragedy. However, a few years later, the International Organization for the Conservation of Wildlife announced the cause of those events. Then at least 200 sea turtles suffered from the "red tide". This destructive phenomenon occurs due to the accumulation of tiny algae on the surface of the water. And the "red" tide is called because of its color, this is what water becomes. A large amount of algae causes a deficiency of oxygen in the water, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia begin to accumulate there. It was they who became the perpetrators of the death of the turtles.
Battle of the frogs. Mass death of animals for no apparent reason occurs periodically throughout the history of mankind. This story belongs to the distant past, but you shouldn't forget about it either. It happened in 1754 in the village of Windham in what is now Connecticut. Then something happened that led to the mass death of these amphibians. No, they were not collected for any restaurant, the reasons were natural, but incomprehensible. The frogs are fighting each other! At the same time, the battle was so fierce that everything around was literally littered with the bodies of aquatic inhabitants. Historical documents say that at this time in the same lands there were frequent bloody clashes between the colonialists and local Indians. This caused a large number of casualties on both sides. One hot June night, Europeans, who at that moment were almost all drunk, suddenly heard numerous shots that were heard from all sides. It was clear - the Indians attacked! But in the morning it turned out that these sounds were created by frogs, which began to fiercely fight with each other everywhere. Moreover, this happened both in water bodies and outside them. No one could then explain what made the peaceful amphibians mad. Only a flash of anger in their ranks destroyed several thousand frogs.