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Marilyn Monroe. Marilyn Monroe had many famous photographs, which became the basis of the legend of the 20th century sex symbol. But the very frame of the movie star was able to take the photographer Sam Shaw in 1955. The actress was filming the Seven Year Itch at the time. The photographer invited director Billy Wilder to create a scene that has become a classic. Monroe stood on the subway ventilation grill, and from below a wave of warm air lifted her dress. Filming took place on Lexington Avenue, New York. Then such a large crowd gathered to watch this process that the shooting even had to be interrupted. According to the script, the main character and heroine Marilyn leave the cinema and walk down the street. The girl sees ventilation grilles and stands on them to catch the cool wind from the trains passing below. Each new breath lifts her skirt, and Marilyn screamed with pleasure.
The studio disclosed in advance information about the provocative filming and that the star will be wearing a dress that can stop traffic. Even an attempt to re-shoot the action in the pavilion did not come in handy - the famous scene was almost completely cut out of the film by censors due to excessive provocation. But we are left with the legendary photos of the star in this image. Monroe subsequently shot the show throughout his professional career, and the collaboration between the photographer and the star began at the very beginning of Marilyn's career.
Audrey Hepburn. In the memory of millions of fans, Audrey Hepburn will remain just like that. And the photo itself was taken in 1961 during the filming of the famous film "Breakfast at Tiffany's". The famous shot was made by Hollywood photographer John Cobal. His collection also contains photographs of Grace Kelly, Marlon Brando, Marlene Dietrich, Marilyn Monroe (who also claimed the lead role in this film). The film itself tells the story of a frivolous girl who is looking for a rich gentleman. The picture became Audrey's finest hour. In the photograph itself, she is depicted in a black dress, elbow-length gloves, a mouthpiece and a diadem in her hair. This image gave rise to a whole series of photographs with the actress, but this one became the most famous. Audrey Hepburn's image still inspires fashion creators, and she herself is a universally recognized style icon for all time.
Ernesto Che Guevara. Today Ernesto Che Guevara is back in fashion among youth. His portrait "Heroic Partisan", made on March 5, 1960, is widely used and replicated. The author of the legendary photograph is Alberto Diaz Gutierrez, also known by his pseudonym Alberto Corda. The Cuban photographer was able to catch the expressions on the face of the leader of the revolution during the days when the French ship La Coubre, carrying weapons to the rebels, was bombed in Havana. Che is depicted in military uniform, but without weapons, in a black beret with a star. The leader's gaze is fixed on the horizon. The original plan was to post the picture in the Revolucion newspaper, where he worked as a reporter for Korda. However, the events resulted in the death of hundreds of people, so it was decided to refuse to publish the photo. The picture was taken at the cemetery during the burial of the victims of the explosion. The picture lay for 7 years in obscurity, receiving its recognition only in 1967, when Che Guevara himself was no longer alive. The Italian publisher Feltrinelli was looking for a snapshot of the revolutionary for his autobiographical book The Bolivian Diaries. Korda donated it to the author. The Italian had to work hard on the final image of the photo - the image was enlarged and cropped. Che Guevara's companion was removed from the frame, as was the palm tree in the background. A book was first sold around the world, and then posters with the popular image of a proud rebel. As a result, the portrait itself became a symbol of freedom and revolution. It's a shame, but the author of the picture, Alberto Corda, did not receive any royalties from his creation, since Cuba refused to recognize the Berne Convention for the Protection of Copyright.
Ernest Hemingway. The personality of the author who made this legendary portrait is interesting in itself. Yusuf Karsh was a Canadian photographer, but had Armenian roots, born in Turkey in 1908. The master is known as one of the classics of portrait photography. Yusuf has filmed many celebrities. It turned out that out of the 100 most famous people of the 20th century according to the 2000 International Who is Who magazine, Karsh photographed 51 people! At one time, Yusuf's parents fled from the Armenian pogroms and together with him in 1927 moved to Syria. The young man himself was sent 2 years later to study in Canada to his uncle. Soon Yusuf moved to Boston, where he found his teacher, portrait photographer John Garo. After 4 years, the young photographer returned to Canada, where he opened his own studio. In 1958, Karsh took this photograph of the famous writer. Hemingway looks serious on him, wearing a turtleneck sweater. The distinctive features of the writer - a stately gray beard and deep wrinkles near the eyes - look expressive in the photograph. At the same time, Karsh himself did not use decorative methods of drapery bends, and colorful backdrops were not used as a background. The photographer skillfully created the necessary background with the help of light, establishing its relationship with the person's clothing.
Winston Churchill. The next photo also belongs to Yusuf Karsh. One day he learned that Winston Churchill himself would soon visit the country. Preparations began a few days before the arrival of the politician. On the evening of December 30, 1941, Churchill spoke in the House of Commons, while the photographer was patiently waiting for him in the speaker's room. When the English prime minister entered there along with his Canadian counterpart, he suddenly saw the equipment placed there and barked: "What's going on here?" The surrounding people fell into a stupor, only Karsh had the courage to answer: "Sir, I hope you will allow me to photograph you at this historical moment?" However, Churchill continued to be indignant: "Why was I not warned ?!" When one of the assistants grinned, the photographer suddenly realized that he would simply be thrown out of the room. However, Churchill himself suddenly changed his mind, apparently deciding not to escalate the situation in a friendly country: "Okay, you have two minutes to take one picture." The prime minister sat down in a chair, lighting a cigar. Karsh examined his "model" with an appraising glance. Everything was perfect, except that the cigar seemed out of place. Yusuf waited a minute and then pushed the ashtray over to politics. He did not understand the hints, continuing to smoke and twisting in his thoughts, not paying any attention to the photographer. Karsh approached the prime minister and with the words: "Excuse me, sir," snatched the cigar from his lips. Yusuf recalled that in those seconds Churchill looked extremely aggressive and belligerent, as if he wanted to devour the insolent photographer. At this moment, the legendary shot was taken. This photograph has become a gem in Yusuf Karsh's collection. Soon the picture was published in Life magazine, which paid only $ 100 for it. Subsequently, this image was used on numerous posters and even postage stamps.
Albert Einstein. For many, Albert Einstein will remain in memory just like that - a frivolous person with his tongue hanging out. The photo was taken at the birthday of the physicist, he just turned 72 years old. On March 14, 1951, solemn events were held at Princeton University. On them, photographer Arthur Sass asked the great scientist to depict the thought process, and then smile for the camera. To which Einstein showed his tongue. How could a physicist have believed that this photograph of him would become a real icon of modern pop culture. After all, it depicts both a genius and a cheerful person at the same time. The picture was not published for a long time, went from hand to hand. Then the photo nevertheless got into the newspapers, where it became popular. Today, this shot of Einstein in various variations can be found on posters, posters and T-shirts.
Yuri Gagarin. The author of this historical photograph, alas, remained unknown. It is only known that the photo was taken on Earth. The press learned about the launch of the first cosmonaut only a few minutes after the successful launch. By the time the rocket with Gagarin entered orbit, the image already existed and it was it that they began to quickly distribute among news agencies. The shooting was certainly staged. It was held in a specially created pavilion. The author's name was never found out. A duplicate of the negative has survived. They say that it was made by a certain Sokolov, who brought it to the news agency. It is not clear where the "independent photographer" came from, until that moment Yuri Gagarin's photographs had not been distributed.
Pablo Picasso. This photo belongs to the category of practical jokes. In 1952, the famous photographer Robert Doisneau took a picture, which was named "Picasso's Bread". The famous artist instead of his hands placed on the table ... a four-fingered large-finger bread! Picasso said to his friend Doisneau: "Look at this bread! Only four fingers!" As a result, the picture seems to embody someone's old joke that the artist is being fed by his hands. Robert himself was a French master who is considered a follower of the school of humanistic French photography. Doisneau never adhered to the exact style, nor did he create his own creative school. But he tried himself in many directions of photography, without fear of even such photo-jokes.
Stalin I.V. And this photograph turned into a coloring book, becoming an object of mass circulation. So a good shot can become a whole ideological tool. In 1952 the Soviet photojournalist Ivan Shagin made "Portrait of IV Stalin". Subsequently, the photograph was colored by artist V. Semenov. It was this image of the Soviet leader that became known all over the world, only in our country having sold millions of copies. Although it was mentioned everywhere that it was a photograph, traces of the artist's work were evident. Semenov smoothed out the pockmarks on Stalin's face, gave his face a healthy glow and golden skin tone, like a sacred deity. Such a perfect image inspired the confidence of the audience, because they thought it was a photograph. Its basis and became the basis of faith in the veracity of the image.
Neil Aldren Armstrong. The first steps in space instantly made the person who made them a legend, and the pictures made them historical. On July 21, 1969, American astronauts took their first steps on the moon. The first of these was Neil Aldren Armstrong, who was the author of a number of lunar photographs. One of them was "Edwin Aldrin on the Moon". Armstrong, the captain of Apollo 11, received a Hasselblad 70mm camera specially designed for satellite imagery. Today, many dispute the fact of landing on the Moon, asking questions - who and where filmed the astronauts, was it on Earth or was it on the Moon?
Lee Harvey Oswald. The assassination of Robert Kennedy remains shrouded in many secrets. But the death of the killer, Lee Harvey Oswald, raises just as many questions. It is the photograph of this moment that completes our list. On November 24, 1963, Oswald, accused of assassinating the president, was shot and killed in the garage of a remand prison in Dallas, just two days after his famous gunshots. Oswald's murder was carried out by Jack Ruby, the nightclub manager. These actions were broadcast on television, and millions of viewers could see the revenge. For a long time, it was believed that the photograph was only a part of the TV report, re-captured from the screen. After all, dozens of film and photo operators tried to film the moment of the criminal's withdrawal from the building, there was a live television report. However, it turned out that this is not the case. The author of the photograph, American, Bob Jackson even received a Pulitzer Prize for his historical photo. Just a second before Jackson, photographer Jack Bierce managed to press the trigger of his camera. His picture turned out to be less dramatic, and the payment for numerous publications was several times less than that of the famous colleague. Jackson's name was not mentioned anywhere else, apparently, he was an ordinary reporter, going down in history with only one famous picture.