The most famous photographers

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Photography is now an established art. Most of the creators of such pictures try not to talk about it, it is quite enough that the photographs bear their autograph.

Some famous photographers generally prefer to remain in the shadows, hiding their face. For the audience, these personal reasons can be an additional challenge to learn more about the idol, although in reality it can only be about modesty.

The creators of unique photographs are honored for the fact that they were able to capture that amazing and incredible moment that lasted a split second. No wonder they say that one successful photograph can express a thousand words.

Undoubtedly, each of the famous photographers at least once in his creative life caught a shot that brought fame. These people were able to touch the hearts of fans of photography, so it's worth remembering about the masters.

Robert Capa (1913-1954). The fate of the man developed in such a way that he wanted to be a writer, but in the end he found a job as a photographer in Berlin. As a result, Capa fell in love with his profession. In 1933, due to the rise of Nazi sentiment in the country, he left Germany, moving to France. It turned out to be quite difficult to find a place for a freelance journalist there. Capa received worldwide fame for his first published photograph. It depicted Trotsky speaking in Copenhagen with a speech "On the Significance of the Russian Revolution" in Copenhagen in 1932.

Carol Goose (born 1956). Today, photographers are at the forefront of bringing the truth to the world. Carol Goosey, a three-time Pulitzer Prize winner, is one of America's most famous photojournalists. Attention is riveted on Guzi's pictures, because he does not just take a picture, but tries to display and capture the feelings that people are experiencing at that moment. The photographer's lens was able to penetrate into the most intimate corners of human civilization, and all for the sake of achieving understanding between people of the whole world. Over the years, Guzi has filmed refugees in Kosovo, women in Ethiopia, riots in Haiti, the fall of the Berlin Wall and Hurricane Andrew in Florida.

James Nachtwey (born 1948). And this photographer could not stay away from politics. His early work was influenced by the Vietnam War and the American Civil Rights movement. And in 1976, Nachtwey began taking photographs for a small newspaper in New Mexico. He worked in the very hotbeds of various armed and social conflicts. The photographer has traveled to South and Latin America, the Middle East, Europe, the USA and the Soviet Union. On September 11, 2001, Nachtwey took a series of memorable photographs, and he also worked when US troops entered Iraq. There he was wounded - the bomb exploded right in his car. Having recovered, the photographer went to Asia, where he made a famous series of works on the aftermath of the tsunami on December 26, 2004. Since 1984, Nachtwey has been collaborating with Time magazine, and he also founded his own photo agency VII.

Steve McCurry (born 1950). This photojournalist began studying the history of film production and cinematography at the University of Pennsylvania in 1968. But on the way out, he received a diploma in theater arts. When Steve worked and took photographs for the university newspaper The Daily Collegian, he became interested in this art form. Steve McCarthy became famous when he photographed a 12-year-old Afghan girl. The photo became so successful and famous that in 1985 National Geographic magazine even printed it on its cover. That photo is called "Afghan Girl".

Dorothea Lange (1895-1965). Dorothea had polio as a child, which made her life filled with pain. The girl began to study photography in New York with Clarence White, even before the First World War. In 1919, Lange moved to San Francisco, where she opened her own studio and worked there as a portrait painter for over 10 years. When the country plunged into the abyss of the Great Depression, photography made it possible for Dorothea to reflect the social tragedy of the people. In 1934, Lange met Paul Taylor, an assistant professor of economics. Together with him, in 1935, a documentary series of photographs of workers' rallies in Nipomo was taken, especially for the California Disaster Relief Administration. This made her famous. Lange also filmed at Pearl Harbor in 1941, and in 1952 she co-founded Aperture magazine.

Henri-Cartier Besson (1908-2004). This famous French painter has gone down in history with his early surrealist work. And Besson's love for photography came after a trip to Africa and the discovery of the Leica camera in 1932. Already in 1933 his first exhibition took place at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York. Glory came to the photographer thanks to his photographs by Jean Renoir. Besson was both the first user of the 35 mm format and one of the best masters of reportage photography. Thanks to the master, such areas of creativity as "street photography" and "reliable reporting" have developed. Besson had a great influence on entire generations of his followers.

Frank Fournier (born 1948). And this photographer was born in France. Fournier's father was a surgeon, which is why the young man first studied medicine for four whole years. His career as a photographer started in 1975 in New York. Since 1977, Fournier has been working on a regular basis at Contact Press Images. In 1985 the photographer received the award for the best work "The Agony of Omaira Sanchez". By the time this picture appeared, the whole world already knew about the tragedy that had happened, the eruption of the volcano, and Omaira became one of its victims. A 13-year-old girl stood among the wreckage up to her waist, and rescuers could not save her. The photo attracted attention. Many were horrified to see the last hours of the child's life. Fournier himself immediately became a world celebrity. He is a humanist who films AIDS patients, victims of rape, genocide and civil wars.

Walker Evans (1903-1975). The American was born into a wealthy family. He studied literature, worked in the Farmer Protection Administration. However, prose did not appeal to him, which is why Evans decided to take up photography. Like Lange, he also filmed the effects of the Great Depression, its impact on the peasants. Evans himself paid attention not only to social problems, but also photographed nature and architecture. The artist was able to capture Cuba at the time of its uprising against the dictator Machado. One of the main works of the photographer was the publication "Let's Pay Tribute to Celebrities", which included a documentary series about the Great Depression and other works. Evans's photographs became a kind of icons of that difficult era, they showed the poverty and misery of ordinary people. At the end of this series, the photographer began to work in the style of abstract modernism. One of the tools was black and white photography, which made it possible to more accurately show the whole range of socio-political problems. Fame brought Evans and his collaboration with James Aji, who oversaw the life of farmers in the South during the Depression. These works came out filled with humiliation, pain, but also pride.

Malcolm Brown (1933-2012). This famous photographer was born in New York. Interestingly, his mother was a representative of the Quakers, promoting anti-war views. His father was a Catholic and an architect. Brown himself attended seminary and Quaker school. Then there was the Quaker College to Pennsylvania, where the young man studied chemistry. In 1963, Brown took his most famous photograph. It showed a Buddhist monk who set himself on fire as a sign of religious oppression in Vietnam. That act became the reason for the uprising, and the United States revised its foreign policy in the country. Brown himself won a Pulitzer Prize and worked as a New York Times reporter for hot spots for over 30 years.

Murray Becker (1909-1986). In 1937, 22 photographers gathered to capture the moments of the landing of the Hindenburg airship. A routine editorial assignment was a lucky ticket for an Associated Press employee. It was Murray Becker's photographs of a burning airship that became classics. After the fire of the Hindenburg, an experienced photographer began to expect the brightest moment - the explosion of the giant. The burning airship fell for 47 seconds, during which time Becker took 15 pictures. The photographer managed to photograph in detail the entire crash, after which he sat down on the ground and began to cry. And his pictures shocked humanity so much that they actually signed the death warrant for the airships.

Kevin Carter (1961-1994). During his short life, a photographer from South Africa managed to become famous and receive the Pulitzer Prize. Carter devoted several months to creating a series on famine in the Sudan. As a freelance photographer for the Reuter and Sygma Photo NY news agencies, The Mail and Gaurdian, Kevin could not ignore such acute problems in his home region. In 1993, the photographer received the prestigious Ilford Photo Press Awards for Best News Photography. On it, not far from the dying girl, a vulture is sitting, waiting. A few months after receiving the award, the photographer committed suicide, in captivity of lack of money and tormenting him images of dead people, pain, anger.

Helen Levitt (1913-2009). This woman has become one of the most important characters in modern photography. For more than 60 years, poetic photographs taken by her right on city streets have inspired a whole crowd of collectors, students, photographers and art lovers. Helen has devoted her entire career to showing her humor and poetic mood in her works. With their help, she was able to sincerely show the lives of men, women and children living in New York. The famous photographer even shot the film "On the Streets" with Janis Loeb and James Azhi. The peculiarity of this tape was that it turned out to be actually represented by her moving portrait. And the main exhibition of Levitt was held at the Museum of Modern Art in 1943, while her second solo exhibition took place in 1974, where only color works were presented. Major retrospectives of the photographer's work were held in 1991 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and at the Museum of San Francisco. After that, at the International Center for Photography in New York and the Metropolitan Museum of Art there, and in 2001, Levitt saw his work in Paris at his Center for National Photography.

Philip Halsman (1906-1979). This photographer was born in Riga, Latvia. However, then there was training in engineering in Dresden and a move to Paris. There the young man founded his own photographic studio in 1932. Halsman is famous for his spontaneous style. He filmed actors and writers, these works have appeared on the covers of magazines and books. The photographer even managed to work out in fashion, he achieved success in the design of hats. Halsman had so many private clients that by 1936 he had become one of France's finest portrait photographers. From 1940 to 1970, the artist made many excellent portraits of celebrities, his work appeared on the covers of "Esquire", "Look", "Paris" Match "and" The Saturday Evening Post ", but he was especially fond of working with" Life ". Halsman's photographs have also appeared in advertisements, and has collaborated with brands such as Ford, NBC, Simon & Schuster, Elizabeth Arden cosmetics.

Charles O'Rear (born 1941). The most famous work of this American has probably been seen by millions of people. After all, the "Serenity" photo has become the standard wallpaper for Windows XP. In the 1970s, O'Rear was involved with the Environmental Protection Agency's Documerica project, and he also collaborated with National Geographic for over a quarter century. And the career of the photographer O'Riar began in the field of winemaking. The man took his first pictures for the organization of winemakers "The Napa Valley". Then O'Riar began to photograph wine-making products all over the world. Today his photographs have been published in seven books on winemaking. And the most famous work of O'Riara was done by him in 2006 in California.

Roger Fenton (1819-1869). This man became a real pioneer of photography in Britain, he was one of the first to photograph military operations. In fact, Fenton became one of the first war photographers. Fame came to him thanks to the photographs of the Crimean War. It's a pity that the passion for battle scenes did not allow the master to pay due attention to landscapes. In 1858, Richard became interested in oriental motives, photographing also English architecture. In addition, Fenton played an important role in the overall development of photography. It is no coincidence that he was included in the list of those hundred people who changed the world with their photographs.

Watch the video: William Albert Allard: Interview with a legendary photographer

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