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Stuttering is a speech disorder, perhaps not a disease. However, the impact of such a failure on a person's emotional state can be very serious.
Most stuttering people prefer silence to the fear of being caught out of speech failures. Nervous breakdowns occur when a person suspects others that they see him as unbalanced and stupid.
This is usually the visible part of the iceberg, many do not realize that inside the stutterer there is a burning desire to use the potential of speech to its fullest, overcoming obstacles.
There are always people who are trying to transform this biggest problem into their asset. Below we list 10 such celebrities who have achieved high-profile success in their field, despite stuttering.
James Earl Jones. The appearance of this American theater and film actor is known to few, but his voice sounds in "Star Wars" (Darth Vader) and "The Lion King" (Mufas). James' stuttering by the age of five had become so severe that he simply refused to speak out loud. Upon moving to Michigan, the teachers tried in every possible way to help him with his problem, but the boy was practically dumb for eight years until he graduated from high school. James believes he was helped by his school teacher Donald Crouch, who discovered in his student the gift of writing poetry. The teacher thought it would be nice to read one of the poems every day in class to gain confidence. Jones recalls, "I was a stutterer. I couldn't speak. So my first year of school was my first dumb year, and then those dumb years continued until I graduated from high school." As you can see, in this case, the invention and persistence of the teacher helped to overcome the difficult case.
Bruce Willis. The parents of the future Hollywood star divorced in 1972, when he was still a teenager. He then enrolled at Pence Grove High School in his hometown, where he developed stuttering problems. For this, classmates awarded Bruce with the pejorative nickname Buck-Buck. But the young guy quickly figured out how to deal with his problem. Moreover, his parents helped him, as if not noticing such a shortcoming. Willis decided that since people laugh at this phenomenon, why not use this fact? He decided to take part in a play where stuttering could become a "trick". In eighth grade, there was a performance in which, to the surprise of many, Bruce did not stutter at all. However, at the end of the performance, the stuttering returned. Willis continued his performances on stage, his purposeful work allowed Bruce to become first the president of the student council, and much later a Hollywood star. The hard work on oneself eventually paid off - a new bright star of theater and cinema was born.
William Somerset Maugham. The childhood of the future writer was difficult. At the age of only 41, his mother died of tuberculosis in France, and two years later, the same disease took his father. The writer became an orphan at the age of 10 and was sent to the care of his uncle, Henry MacDonald Maugham, a vicar. He was rather cold to his nephew and, moreover, cruel. William suffered a nervous breakdown from the difference between his old lifestyle and his current one, which led to a stutter. The young man was soon assigned to the royal school of King's School, in Canterbury, where stuttering was firmly entrenched in his life. A church career was rejected because a stuttering priest might sound ridiculous. Maugham became a doctor as a result, but literature became his main activity. It was there that he was able to scornfully ridicule all those. who pursued him. Maugham's injury and diction problems did not prevent him from becoming one of the most popular writers of his time, and generally considered the highest paid author of the 1930s. In addition, stuttering did not prevent Maugham from being an excellent storyteller - this was facilitated by a brilliant style of presentation.
Lewis Carroll. The writer himself throughout his life, this state was shared by his sisters and brothers. Dr. Dodgson (the real name of the writer) taught at Oxford, giving a lot of time to work, being deaf in one ear and suffering from insomnia. Although Lewis's stuttering was embarrassing, it did not interfere with the manifestation of personal qualities and the achievement of success. Although the writer was very shy in communication, he sang well, not being afraid of the audience. In addition, an amazing fact - Carroll's shyness and stuttering completely disappeared in the company of little girls. Biographers have counted about 100 girlfriends with whom he decisively cut all ties when they grew up. One of them was Alice, the dean's daughter, who inspired the teacher to compose for her a funny fairy tale with pictures, published in 1865.
Scatman John. John Paul Larkin was born in California in 1942. As a child, he suffered psychological trauma, which led to stuttering. At the age of 12, he began to study the piano, eventually realizing that music gives him much more means for self-expression than speaking. Larkin became a professional jazz pianist in the 70s, and his attempt to release a solo album in 1986 failed. After going through drugs and alcohol, the musician decided to combine scat singing and dance music, releasing his hit "Scatman" in 1994. Even at the peak of the singer's popularity, journalists noted that during the interview, he pronounces sentences with difficulty, repeating phrases 5-6 times. John himself, in his 1996 interview, said: "I hid behind the piano because I was afraid to speak." The birth of the world star was facilitated by his wife Judy, who advised her to talk about her problems with diction right in the song. With his single "Scatman" John tried to help children suffering from stuttering overcome their ailment, for which he was inducted into the National Association for Stuttering Support Hall of Fame.
Anthony Hopkins. Today, the actor can calmly recall his childhood. He was a loner, because his dyslexic illness did not give him the opportunity to fully engage. Shyness was added by the inability to say anything due to stuttering. Hopkins preferred the arts - painting and music - to the study of sciences. At the age of 15, the young man was significantly influenced by Richard Burton, who supported Anthony's pursuit of theater. As a result, Hopkins became one of the greatest actors, winning an Oscar in 1992 for his portrayal of the maniac Hannibal Lector.
Claudius. The future emperor stuttered from birth. In addition, he was born prematurely, and as a child suffered from malaria and measles, which is why he became deaf in one ear. Childhood paralysis doomed Claudius to lameness. All this bouquet of diseases did not give the boy the opportunity to attend school, where a lot of time was devoted to gymnastics. Soon the young man's mentor was Athenodorus, who began to fight stuttering according to the method of Diogenes. This meant putting sea stones in your mouth and trying to recite. With your mouth full, you don't think about stuttering - how not to swallow stones! As a result, fewer and fewer stones were required, and the recitation got better and better. So Athenodorus taught Claudius to recite without stuttering, but in ordinary conversation, failures in speech nevertheless returned. The emperor himself said: "I stumble over my own language with excitement." However, Claudius was able to compensate for his physical disabilities with mental ones, becoming the emperor of Rome in 41 AD.
Winston Churchill. Although the biographers of this politician in every possible way deny his stuttering, many printed materials by various authors in the 1920-1940s note this fact. As a result, stuttering became one of Churchill's, albeit unknown, but piquant characteristics. He himself characterized himself as a person with a speech impediment, with whom he consistently fights. This suggests that, despite violations of diction, the politician was able to become one of the best orators of all time. Churchill's speeches were a source of inspiration for the British during the war, and the Stutterer of America Foundation even posted a picture of the prime minister on its home page as an example of how a stutter can achieve success. True, there is an opinion that Churchill specifically resorted to a slight stutter in order to surprise the audience with such an artistic device. But the fact that the future politician spent hours honing his speeches, rehearsing facial expressions and gestures in front of the mirror is a fact.
Moses. The fact that the great prophet was a stutterer is a fact. He himself said about himself: "I speak heavily and tongue-tied" (Exodus, IV, 10). In the Koran, there is a story about how Moses called upon the Lord to deliver him from a speech impediment. Moses will be born in turbulent times, then leading the masses was a difficult task, especially for a person with a speech disorder. However, it was to him that God entrusted his commandments and commanded to bring Jews out of slavery. And brilliant and effective public speaking created a new leader. Perhaps God taught this lesson to those who, by inertia, consider stuttering to be a physical handicap. In the case of Moses, an elegant solution was found - his brother Aaron appealed to the people for him.
Demosthenes. This prominent Greek statesman, philosopher and orator in childhood was tongue-tied, with a slurred and stuttering pronunciation. When Demosthenes first addressed the people, he was ridiculed for his strange and rude style. Soon, the politician's rivals openly laughed at him for his inability to speak publicly. Demosthenes decided to radically change his diction. To do this, he paid his teacher and physician Neoptol 10,000 drachmas, and the famous method for solving stuttering problems was born. First of all, it took tough discipline and willpower to get through the entire course. Demosthenes began by trying to speak with pebbles in his mouth, reciting poetry as he worked. To strengthen his voice, he speaks on the very seashore under the roar of the waves. The researchers note that Demosthenes apparently had a combined form of respiratory and vocal stuttering. In order to visually familiarize himself with his symptoms, the speaker ordered a large full-length mirror and observed his gestures and convulsions, which he developed into a habit, trying to get rid of them. To eliminate breathing abnormalities, Demosthenes complicated the exercises - he tried to pronounce phrases in conditions of difficulty in articulation: he filled his chest with air and tried to pronounce long phrases. Also, the politician practiced reading poetry on the go, climbing a steep slope. All this has borne fruit. According to the Alexandrian canon, Demosthenes became one of the ten best orators, while Cicero declared that the politician generally stands alone among all orators.